Kapap

View detail of all martial arts in the world. Each country have their own unique martial arts fighting style. Read more to view detail and video clips about this special unique martial arts.

Kapap (Hebrew: ???”?, ??”??), short for Krav Panim el Panim, translated as “face to face combat”, is a combat system of defensive tactics, hand-to-hand combat and self defense, which was further developed into it’s modern version of Kapap Combat Concepts.

The Kapap system was developed in the late 1930s, within the Jewish Aliyah camps (ma-ha-not Olim) as part of preparatory training before their arrival in Palestine.[citation needed] It became a concept of fighting rather than a fighting system, due to the fighting skills contribution it gave the practitioner. The Palmach adopted the Kapap as an ongoing combat development program for their recruits.

It was primarily considered a practical skill set that was acquired during the training period of the Palmach fighter. The main focus was to upgrade the Physical endurance, elevate and strengthen the spirit, developing a defensive and offensive skill set when needed. It included physical training and endurance, cold weapon practical usage, Boxing and jujutsu, and knife and stick fighting.

Gershon Kopler: judo and jujutsu Instructor[citation needed] who organized and established the self-defense concept as part of the Kapap training in the Palmach and Haganah.

Yehuda Marcus: Palmach’s physical training judo and jujitsu chief Instructor,[citation needed] who replaced Gershon Kopler;

Moshe Finkel: Palmach’s fitness training officer, integrated the different typologies of the art into the training regime.

Maishel Horovitz: Palmach’s official Kapap Instructor, was in charge of the development of the short stick fight tactics at the Palmach and made it famous to the term Kapap.

Yitzhak Sade: Palmach’s commander who adopted the Kapap training doctrines[citation needed]

The Walking Stick Method of Self-Defence (La canne) was already part of the Kapap syllabus; it was adopted from the British forces in India and was still taught as an answer to the threat of the Arab locals who were equipped with the “Nabut” (1 meter long stick).

The most emphasized part of training was the use of sticks (short and long). The short stick method became most popular by use, due to the adaptation of the young generation of recruits. Among the sticks used in the Kapap fighting, the short stick was most commonly used and therefore practiced. It was favored due to its concealability in the sleeve until the actual fight began (Mêlée) on the streets.

The Kapap system was based on principles and not techniques

Kapap Training included: